Introducing: Omega2

Using DHT11/DHT22 Sensors with the Onion Omega

Last edited by Matthew Ogborne, 2016-03-16 18:33:08

In this tutorial you'll be reading the temperature & humidity from a DHT sensor using both the console and also using PHP.

Let's get started!

Download & install the files needed

Firstly you'll need to download the files for the DHT library that has been compiled for the Omega, to do this in your console run these commands:

opkg update
opkg install wget
cd /root
wget https://community.onion.io/uploads/files/1450434316215-checkhumidity.tar.gz
tar -zxvf 1450434316215-checkhumidity.tar.gz

Now for us to be able to use the "./checkHumidity" command, we need to make the file executable, so to do this we run this command:

chmod -R 755 /root/checkHumidity/bin/checkHumidity

We now need to sort a few pins out now.

Attaching the DHT sensor to the Omega

DHT11 & DHT22 have the same pin layouts, pin 1 is Vcc, pin 2 is the data pin and pin 4 is GND as shown in the image below:

DHT Pinout

Connect pin 1 to 5V, connect pin 2 to any spare GPIO pin, in this example we'll be using 20 and connect pin 4 to GND.

Note: 3.3V can give unrelaible results, use the 5V pin for Vcc

DHT Example

Let's check the sensor!

For this example I'm using GPIO pin 20 and a DHT11 sensor, if you used a different pin or a DHT22 sensor, change the values as appropriate.

On your command line run the following:

cd /root/checkHumidity/bin/
./checkHumidity 20 DHT11

You'll now be presented back with the following result:

root@Omega-NNNN:~/checkHumidity/bin# ./checkHumidity 20 DHT11
67.000000
22.000000

Note: If you see 255.00000 values here, check the wiring!

Let's go one step further, let's make a basic PHP app to read the sensor

For this example I'm assuming you already have PHP installed, if you don't follow this tutorial: Using PHP & the Onion Omega

This is easy as copy & paste, let's go!

On the command line run these commands:

cd /www/php 
nano dht.php

In the open window, paste in this code:

<?php 
$result 	= get_dht_values(20, "DHT11");	// change the pin number and DHT type accordingly
$message 	= $result[0];
$temp 		= $result[1];
$humidity 	= $result[2];

if( $message == "success" ) {
	// if successful, happy days let's spill the data out
	echo "<p>The current temperature is <b>" . $temp . "&deg;C</b> and the humidity is . <b>" . $humidity . "%</b>" ;
} else {
	echo "Error: " .  $message;
}

function get_dht_values($pin, $dht_type) {

	if( ( $dht_type != "DHT11" ) && ( $dht_type != "DHT11" )  ) {
		return array("Invalid DHT Type", 0, 0);
	}

	// Run the command using the exec() function, delivers the output in $output
	exec("/root/checkHumidity/bin/checkHumidity $pin $dht_type  2>&1", $output, $return);

	// -255 = bad
	if( $output[0] == "-255.000000" ) {
		return array("Unable to read sensor, check the wiring, pin number!", 0, 0);
	}

	// must be all good, lets return the data
	$output[0]	 =  number_format( (float)$output[0], 2, '.', '' );	// temp
	$output[1]	 =  number_format( (float)$output[1], 2, '.', '' );	// hum
	return array( "success", $output[0], $output[1] );
}

Then press Ctrl + X to save and Y to confirm the save.

Now go to your web browser and type in this URL, obviously changing the NNNN part to your Omega ID:

http://omega-ABCD.local/php/dht.php

All going well you'll see a message similar to this:

The current temperature is 66.00°C and the humidity is . 23.00%

Happy days.

What next?

Well thats up to you :)

Turn your Omega into a mini weather station, hey why not post the data to https://thingspeak.com/ and keep track of your Omega over time?